United States of America

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Government[edit]

History[edit]

Pre-Colonial[edit]

Before colonization, what is now understood as the United States of America was largely inhabited by a variety of Native peoples from a number of tribes, each with its own unique structure, culture, and attitude towards magic. In general, Native understanding and use of magic was and remains more strongly tied to nature and natural cycles than the European use and understanding. Consequently, Native magic-users were and are more likely to be proficient at wandless magic than their European counterparts, as well as being more likely to successfully become Animagi.

Colonization[edit]

In 1585, a group of wizards arrived at Roanoke Island to set up a colony, believing that they would be more likely to succeed in the New World than any Muggles would. They quickly found themselves in trouble and at war with the local Native people. Already less than content with the British government, the colonists decided to leave Roanoke and Apparated in small groups with the intention of defecting to one of the Spanish colonies to the south. The fate of the Roanoke wizards remains unknown to this day.

Suspecting that the original wizarding colonists had taken advantage of the lack of royal supervision, Elizabeth I refused to allow any more wizards to join expeditions to the New World. Some witches and wizards left England for Italy or (less frequently) Spain in order to participate in the exploration and colonization, but for the most part, until Elizabeth’s death in 1603, the colonies lacked wizarding participation. Elizabeth’s successor, James VI, was largely unaware of his wizarding subjects and consequently many wizards took the opportunity to leave England. Consequently, the Jamestown settlement had both wizarding and Muggle colonists; it is suspected that this mix of people was the reason Jamestown (and later, Plymouth) saw success. The Dutch, Spanish, and French colonial powers had a much easier time establishing colonies both before and after the English gained a foothold, largely because they sent both wizards and Muggles with the initial colonizing parties to begin with.

Throughout the next couple of decades, colonies continued to be developed with wizards living side-by-side with Muggles, working together to establish themselves. Relationships between colonists and Native tribes varied from friendly coexistence to brutal murder. There was little sharing of magical knowledge between the two cultures; the Europeans considered the Native philosophy surrounding magic use primitive, and many Native people found the European disregard for the world around them to be distasteful.

In 1693, following the Salem Witch Trials, the International Statute of Secrecy was put into place, forcing colonising wizards to Obliviate Muggles en masse, with varied degrees of success. The ISS furthered the rift between the colonizing wizards and Native groups. The Native people saw no reason to divide their society into wizards and Muggles, while the Europeans insisted on it, sure that it was just a matter of time before the Natives caused a crisis similar to that which happened in Salem. With tension high, it became increasingly common for young witches and wizards to be kidnapped by one side or the other and raised accordingly. For the most part, Native groups tended to raise the kidnapped children as a member of their tribe or nation, whereas many colonists viewed Native children as inherently savage and needing to be tamed. These practises continued through the French and Indian War, in which magical governments used Muggles as proxy to battle over land ownership in the New World.

Early United States[edit]

In the late 1700s, both wizarding and Muggle colonists found themselves at odds with the British government. This quickly escalated to a full-scale revolution, fought by both wizards and Muggles. With help from the French, the colonists eventually won their independence. This resulted in both wizards and Muggles having to establish co-existing forms of government. In the interest of minimizing conflict between the two groups, Benjamin Franklin was able to convince the wizarding community that it would be best if the magical government existed within the Muggle government. Both groups were able to successfully develop a governmental structure and documents, with Benjamin Franklin acting as the liason between the two. Some time later, he began the Library School of Philadelphia - one of the first formal magical schools in the newly United States.

In 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase, wizards as well as Muggles began a rapid expansion into the new territory purchased by the US. This territory was already widely inhabited by French colonists and many Native American tribes, but that had very little impact on westward-bound settlers. The expansion was furthered by the war of 1812 (arguably an extension of Europe’s Napoleonic War), wherein Great Britain interfered with trade access to the Americas, which resulted in poor relations between the countries and eventually a movement on behalf of the United States to conquer Canadian lands. In order to bolster their troops, Great Britain reached out to some Native Americans who were discontent with the settlers from the United States encroaching on their territory. The war eventually fizzled out, with severe losses of life and property on both sides, but the aftermath left the United States with more clearly defined boundaries and land to settle.

In a further attempt at acquiring land for what was considered the sovereign United States, in 1830 the Indian Removal Act was signed by Andrew Jackson, then-president of the country. It made provisions for the negotiated removal of Native Americans from the autonomous nations that had been established in the southeast of what is now the United States. This negotiated removal quickly turned violent; during this time period, many wizarding Native Americans chose to send their children to schools in the western territories and México, including Rocky Mountain International, in the hopes of keeping them safe during the forced relocation. Although the Indian Removal Act was a Muggle law with purely Muggle implementation, because of the integrated nature of magical and Muggle culture within Native American societies, wizarding families were as strongly affected as Muggle ones. As a whole, wizarding citizens of the United States turned a blind eye to the struggles faced by those affected by the Act, and were quite willing to benefit from the land newly available to them.

The Mexican-American War in 1845 was another instance of the aggressive territorial acquisition by Muggle United States that went unopposed by the wizarding population, who largely saw it as an implementation of Manifest Destiny, or the belief that people from the United States were uniquely positioned and obligated to civilize the agrarian, wild West. Although wizards were technically able to Apparate to unsettled territories, it was a dangerous task, particularly given the limited amount of supplies most wizards could carry with them during an Apparition. It was therefore not uncommon to find mixed wizard-Muggle parties traveling along the Oregon Trail. Generally speaking, parties that contained wizards were more likely to survive the trip, although in many cases this resulted in violations of the International Statute of Secrecy. However, with very little government in the West, these violations were rarely discovered or prosecuted.

Civil War[edit]

Given the prevalence of agrarian magic in much of the United States, human slavery was not as common amongst wizards as it was amongst Muggles. It was often limited to the domestic sphere, but as more and more house-elves started appearing in wealthy wizarding homes, even domestic slavery was dying out before it became a flashpoint within Muggle communities. Due to the loose affiliations most wizards had with their home states and the general lack of investment in the issue of slavery, the majority of wizards stayed out of the civil conflict between the North and the South. Those wizards that did get involved typically worked as spies rather than armed soldiers, and were predominantly well-meaning abolitionists assisting the Union rather than the Confederacy.

Magical Primary Schools[edit]

OOC Note: this is not an all-inclusive list of schools, just what has already been canonically established. Feel free to add your own as long as it doesn't conflict with anything pre-existing!

Magical Colleges and Universities[edit]

OOC Note: this is not an all-inclusive list of schools. Feel free to add your own!

Magical Schools[edit]

  • Delta College of Sorcery (Greenville, MI)
    • conservative
  • Magical College of the Carolinas (near Durham, NC)
    • 84% acceptance rate
    • Event-planning program
  • Minnesota University of Magic (St. Paul, MN)
  • Sirweams Arcane University (Albion, WA)
    • Dr. Marques King heads the Department of Spellwork, researches involuntary and accidental magics
    • Albion, WA is a purely magical town, much like Hogsmeade
    • 44% acceptance rate
  • Tift College (Forsyth, GA)
    • all-girls school
    • Dr. Zinnea Myers-Ross is a professor in Charms specializing in creating spell variations of magical creature abilities
    • 60% acceptance rate
    • very small student body
    • Charms Engineering and Development
  • University of Maryland Magical College (on the eastern shore of MD)
  • Weehawken College (Weehawken, NJ)

Mixed Magical/Muggle Schools[edit]

  • Adams College (Boston, MA)
  • Spreckels College (San Francisco, California)
    • Established by Alma de Bretteville Spreckels, a witch married to a rich Muggle sugar magnate, as an all-girls school in 1915
    • Recently became co-ed, still 85% female
    • High acceptance rate


Muggle Schools with Magical Programs[edit]

OOC Note: Any school in the US established before the 1800s has been established to have a magical program

  • Amherst College (Amherst, MA)
  • Brown University (Providence, RI)
    • Healing
    • Technomancy, has a work-study program
  • California Institute of Technology (Pasadena, CA)
  • Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, PA)
    • Small technomancy program
  • College of William & Mary (Williamsburg, VA)
    • Business
    • International Relations
  • Dartmouth College (Hanover, NH)
    • Experimental charms
  • Duke University (Durham, NC)
  • Georgetown University (Washington, DC)
    • International Relations
  • Harvard University (Cambridge, MA)
  • Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD)
    • Healing
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge, MA)
  • New York University (New York, NY)
    • Business
    • Spellwork
    • International Relations
  • Swarthmore College (Swarthmore, PA)
    • International Relations
  • University of Chicago (Chicago, IL)
  • University of Colorado, Boulder (Boulder, CO)
  • University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, MI)
  • University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, PA)
    • Business
    • Healing
  • Yale University (New Haven, CT)
    • Spellwork